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EM@3AM: Hyperthermia


Evaporative cooling is the preferred method to actively reduce body temperature in the emergency department , as it can be performed with ongoing resuscitation efforts. As you attempt to examine the patient, he has a generalized, tonic-clonic seizure. What is your diagnosis, and what are your next steps in evaluation and management?

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Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

Northwestern EM Blog

The most acute cause of death from NMS is hyperthermia, which is induced both by D2 receptor antagonism leading to rigidity and impaired thermoregulation from the striatum and hypothalamus. Any life-threatening hyperthermia should be treated immediately with an ice bath.[2] Therefore, fluid resuscitation and maintenance are important.


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Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Paediatrics

Mind The Bleep

It is also vital to do a fluid balance assessment. Majority of DKA patients are in a fluid deficit and present acutely with shock. Therefore, they require fluid resuscitation to restore blood pressure, correct the ketonemia and electrolyte abnormalities, and oliguria. This is done with an initial bolus of 10ml/kg 0.9%

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Brain Trauma Guidelines for Emergency Medicine


The GCS should be measured after airway, breathing, and circulation are assessed, after a clear airway is established, and after necessary ventilatory or circulatory resuscitation has been performed. Hypotensive patients should be treated with blood products and/or isotonic fluids in the prehospital setting.

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First10EM Journal Club: October 2022

Broome Docs

PMID: 30206143 Less is more when it comes to intravenous fluids de-Madaria E, Buxbaum JL, Maisonneuve P, et al. Aggressive or Moderate Fluid Resuscitation in Acute Pancreatitis. PMID: 36103415 Bottom line: Less is more when it comes to intravenous fluids. 2018 Sep 11;362:k3843. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k3843. N Engl J Med.

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Tasty Morsels of Critical Care 060 | The post cardiac surgery patient

Emergency Medicine Ireland

Likely driven by rewarming induced vasodilation and hypothermia induced diuresis they can be hypovolaemic. It doesn’t take them long to transition to the more conventional ICU patient where fluid does nothing but increase the oedema but in the first 6-12 hours fluid resuscitation often has a role.

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Something she ate?

Intensive Blog

It refers to hypernatraemia, hyperventilation, haemodialysis, and induced hypothermia. It clears ammonia, allows fluid removal, and facilitates management of electrolyte. Hypothermia Aiming for a lower core temp (35 o C) reduces cerebral metabolic rate and cerebral blood flow.