2023

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Little People, Big Updates: Updates in Pediatric Emergency Medicine

EM Ottawa

Do you remember when every newborn under 30 days with a fever needed an LP/admission/blood cultures? Well. times are a little different but its nuanced. The goal of this update is to provide a practical update in pediatric emergency medicine to the average Canadian adult or community emergency clinician. We will review the following three […] The post Little People, Big Updates: Updates in Pediatric Emergency Medicine appeared first on EMOttawa Blog.

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Telemedicine in emergency care

Emergency Live

The benefits and challenges in the digital age: the telemedicine revolution in emergency care Telemedicine is playing an increasingly significant role in emergency care, revolutionizing the way care is delivered. The ability to conduct remote medical consultations has opened up new opportunities for faster and more efficient response to medical emergencies.

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SGEM#423: Where is the Love? Microaggression in the Emergency Department

The Skeptics' Guide to EM

Reference: Punches et al. Patient Perceptions of Microaggressions and Discrimination Towards Patients During Emergency Department Care. AEM Dec 2023 Date: December 14, 2023 Guest Skeptic: Dr. Chris Bond is an emergency medicine physician and assistant Professor at the University of Calgary. He is also an avid FOAM supporter/producer through various online outlets including TheSGEM.

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Do mRNA vaccines produce harmful “junk proteins” that “gunk up” the cell and cause unintended “off-target” immune responses?

Science Based Medicine

A new study is making the rounds in the antivax crankosphere. The study found that the modified mRNA used in the Pfizer vaccine can cause a frame shift (to be explained) that results in the production of proteins besides the intended spike protein. The findings are, as you probably guessed, a big nothingburger compared to how they are being spun. The post Do mRNA vaccines produce harmful “junk proteins” that “gunk up” the cell and cause unintended “off-target” immune responses?

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Entirely predictable: More parents don't want routine vaccination for their kids

Sensible Medicine

The CDC has just reported that more parents than ever are getting vaccine exemptions for their children entering Kindergarten. For many of us who have witnessed the CDC’s repeated blunders with kids COVID19 vaccines, this result is entirely predictable. The CDC has lost the trust of the American people, and it will keep getting worse. First, let me say, I warned them.

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How To Read a Scientific Paper

Don't Forget the Bubbles

Read between the lines. No matter where we are or what type of medicine we practice, it is likely that we all were told at one point that we were expected to be lifelong learners. This is important as medical knowledge is constantly evolving. Dr. David Sackett, the father of evidence-based medicine, once said: I The traditional way to stay current is by reading the relevant scientific literature.

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AIR – Learning from the Airway Registry (November 2023)

Greater Sydney Area HEMS

Airway Registry learning points reflect the challenges described and wisdom shared by Sydney HEMS personnel and guests at the Clinical Governance Airway Registry presentations. Cases are discussed non-contemporaneously, anonymised and amalgamated over a period of time to draw together unifying take-home messages. Details of specific cases are removed and/or changed, such that any similarity to real-life patients or scenarios is coincidental.

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PATCH

The Bottom Line

In adult patients with major trauma, who are at risk for trauma-induced coagulopathy does early administration of 1g of tranexamic acid (TXA) followed by an infusion of 1g over 8 hours, compared with placebo, increase survival with a favourable functional outcome at 6 months?

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Battle of the Portables – VScan SL by GE Healthcare

Critical Care North Hampton

We’ve been busy again to bring you the fastest review of GE’s new offering. The VScan SL probe is due to be released and we were lucky enough to get our hands on this fab device. Was it as good as its sister device, the VSCan Air? Take a look at our 3-person review. Below.

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Massive Haemorrhage: Science and Practice

Broome Docs

This is another lecture by the always amazing Dr Justin Morgenstern from the series of talks he delivered on his tour of Perth in September 2023. In this talk I challenged Justin to go on a very deep dive into the literature around the modern management of the massively bleeding trauma patient. What is the best way to resuscitate and replace all those blood products in these severely unwell people?

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Transforming Canada’s Healthcare Landscape with Paramedics

EM Ottawa

Canada’s healthcare system, once a source of national pride, is now facing critical challenges that have led many to view it as “unwell” or “sick.” Access to healthcare services has become a pressing concern, sparking a call for change and revitalization. The 911 Emergency System was initially designed as a means to manage emergencies and […] The post Transforming Canada’s Healthcare Landscape with Paramedics appeared first on EMOttawa Blog.

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Clinical Conundrum: Should a Troponin Routinely be Ordered in Patients with SVT?

RebelEM

Bottom Line Up Top: Troponins should not be routinely sent in patients presenting with SVT. Rarely, they may be necessary if the patient has concerning ischemic symptoms that persist after conversion to sinus rhythm. Clinical Scenario: A 44-year-old man presents with palpitations that started 45 minutes ago. He has no medical problems and denies any prior similar symptoms.

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SGEM#408: Hey, I, Oh I’m Still Alive – Is it due to TXA?

The Skeptics' Guide to EM

Date: July 1, 2023 Reference: PATCH-Trauma Investigators and ANZICS Clinical Trial Group. Prehospital Tranexamic Acid for Severe Trauma. NEJM 2023. Guest Skeptic: Dr. Salim Rezaie is a community emergency physician in San Antonio, TX. He is the Creator and founder of REBEL EM, a free, critical appraisal blog that tries to cut down knowledge translation gaps of […] The post SGEM#408: Hey, I, Oh I’m Still Alive – Is it due to TXA?

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Steve Kirsch’s “mother of all revelations” about the “deadliness” of COVID-19 vaccines goes poof

Science Based Medicine

On Thursday, Steve Kirsch gave his long-hyped talk about "record-level data" from New Zealand that supposedly demonstrates that COVID-19 vaccines have killed more than 10 million people worldwide. His "analysis" of illegally obtained data from a "whistleblower" was so ridden with false assumptions and rookie errors that even some antivaxxers couldn't accept it.

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Doctors and 'experts' who got it wrong during the COVID-19 pandemic

Sensible Medicine

Doctors and ‘experts’ who got COVID policy wrong are asking for forgiveness. Their errors hurt children— resulting in massive learning losses— and caused broader destabilization to the economy, work life, social communities and more. Do they deserve forgiveness? And, why did they err in the first place? Recently Scott Galloway, the NYU professor, appeared on Bill Maher.

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A Beginner’s Guide to Vasoactive Drug use in Children with Septic Shock

Don't Forget the Bubbles

Four-year-old Ed is being resuscitated for presumed Invasive Group A Streptococcal Sepsis from tonsilitis. He presented tachycardic and hypotensive with a capillary refill time of 5 seconds. After 40ml/kg of IV 0.9% NaCl, his HR came down a little, but the effect was short-lived. He has an HR of 190/min, and his BP is 85/35 mmHg. The CRT is unchanged.

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PulmCrit: New ARDS guidelines reveal a shambolic state of affairs

EMCrit

Within the past year, two major societies have released guidelines on ARDS: the ATS (American Thoracic Society) and the ESICM (European Society of Intensive Care Medicine). Don’t be fooled by their names – both of these organizations are fundamentally international in scope. Some authors on the ATS document were from Europe, and similarly some authors […] EMCrit Project by Josh Farkas.

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HEMS Debrief #1 – Dr Cliff Reid

Greater Sydney Area HEMS

In the first in this series, HEMS physician and podcast host Dr Samuel Bulford interviews senior staff specialist Dr Cliff Reid who describes a case that changed his life and set his approach to mission preparation and training on a new trajectory.

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Early and Empirical High-Dose Cryoprecipitate for Hemorrhage After Traumatic Injury

The Bottom Line

In patients with trauma and critical bleeding who require activation of a major haemorrhage protocol, does the empiric administration of 3 pools of cryoprecipitate (6g fibrinogen) within 90 minutes of randomisation (and no more than 3 hours after injury) improve survival, compared to standard care?

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Will A.I take over the World?!

Critical Care North Hampton

In this video, my great friend and fellow editor Dr Marcus Peck, talks us through the world of A.I in POCUS! Let’s face it, our kids are using it to write essays, the military uses it and you can’t seem to be able to speak to a human being on the phone as companies are.

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Contrast Induced Nephropathy – sense at last. St Emlyn’s

St. Emlyn

St.Emlyn's - Emergency Medicine #FOAMed New guidelines from @RCollEM and @RCRadiologists finally agree that contrast CT should not be delayed in the critically ill/injured #FOAMed The post Contrast Induced Nephropathy – sense at last. St Emlyn’s appeared first on St.Emlyn's.

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Experiential learning with a TWIST: Ovarian Torsion

EM Ottawa

I was in the OR for the first day of my anesthesia rotation when suddenly the pain hit me. It was in my left flank, radiating to my back — so much pain I could hardly think. A flurry of tests later, my ultrasound showed good doppler flow, and my lab work was pristine. I had […] The post Experiential learning with a TWIST: Ovarian Torsion appeared first on EMOttawa Blog.

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Texas Residency Program Unexpectedly Announces Closure

ACEP Now

The CHRISTUS Health-Texas A&M Spohn Emergency Medicine Residency Program announced Friday that its program will close in June 2026 after the current emergency medicine residents complete their training. An official reason for the closure was not immediately available from the hospital administration, but residents there said they were told the surprise move was likely because of financial reasons.

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Delayed sequence intubation: An RCT

First 10 EM

Introduced to the world by our friend Scott Weingart, delayed sequence intubation (DSI) is often summarized as procedural sedation for the procedure of preoxygenation. (Weingart 2011, Weingart 2015) It is a brilliant concept, makes a ton of sense on paper, and anecdotally has seemed to help a number of my patients. However, any long time […] The post Delayed sequence intubation: An RCT appeared first on First10EM.

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The Great Barrington Declaration and “natural herd immunity” versus public health three years later

Science Based Medicine

Over the weekend, Jeffrey Tucker, founder of the Brownstone Institute, crowed about how the Great Barrington Declaration and its recommendation of a "natural herd immunity" approach to the pandemic changed everything three years ago. Unfortunately, as the John Snow Project pointed out last week, the "natural herd immunity" approach has done what could be irreparable damage to public health science and, more importantly, the political and social will to promote public health practices not just fo

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For obese kids, the USPSTF recommends diet and exercise; the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends surgery and ozempic

Sensible Medicine

Good morning all. This Monday, I take a day off. For the study of the week, Vinay Prasad contrasts the different recommendations on the treatment of childhood obesity. The USPSTF or United States Preventive Services Task Force is an independent volunteer panel of experts in disease prevention and evidence-based medicine. They are as close to neutral judges of medical evidence as it gets.

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Hypothermia and drowning

Don't Forget the Bubbles

A PEM adventure It’s time for another PEM adventure. Join us on another journey (with an inbuilt time travel machine) in managing Elsa, a 2-year-old girl who is a HUGE fan of the Disney movie, Frozen. Elsa was found face down in the family pool 20 minutes after last visual contact and was picked up without resuscitation. Emergency Medical Services found her apneic and pulseless.

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The CT FIRST Trial: Should We Pan-CT After ROSC?

RebelEM

Background: Achieving ROSC in out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is no easy feat but, care doesn’t end with ROSC. Post-ROSC management is nuanced and challenging but helps to ensure good outcomes. Identification of the underlying cause of the cardiac arrest is a critical area of focus in post-arrest care. Although myocardial infarction, dysrhythmias and pulmonary emboli are common pathologies to consider, there are a host of other causes including subarachnoid hemorrhage, trauma and electroly

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SGEM#422: And It was all Yellow-Nasal Discharge and Antibiotics in Pediatric Sinusitis

The Skeptics' Guide to EM

Reference: Shaikh N, et al. Identifying children likely to benefit from antibiotics for acute sinusitis: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA July 2023 Date: October 17, 2023 Guest Skeptic: Dr. Alasdair Munro is a clinical research fellow specializing in pediatric infectious disease at the University of Southampton. He is currently involved with clinical trials of vaccines […] The post SGEM#422: And It was all Yellow-Nasal Discharge and Antibiotics in Pediatric Sinusitis first appeared on The Skep

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PulmCrit Hot Take: Steroid for severe pneumonia (CAPE COD trial)

EMCrit

Steroid is worthless for pneumonia! Wait, a new study shows it's beneficial! Hang on, a fresh meta-analysis shows that steroid it's useless! And wait, here's a fresh NEJM study showing mortality benefit!! This feels like a roller coaster. What's going on here? Several factors may explain this: Steroid is beneficial, but only in a subset […] EMCrit Project by Josh Farkas.

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Sudden Cardiac Death in College Athletes

Stop and Think

I had thoughts. Maybe you did too. There were just so many media reports of cardiac arrest in athletes. This is a column about two things—a medical problem (cardiac arrest) and the way our brains work. During the pandemic we learned that the vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 could cause myocarditis—or inflammation of the heart. Young males had the highest risk of this adverse effect.

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Speaking urgent care flow fluently

St. Emlyn

St.Emlyn's - Emergency Medicine #FOAMed Simplifying urgent care data translation is essential for hospital flow improvement. This post provides a perspective on how to achieve this. The post Speaking urgent care flow fluently appeared first on St.Emlyn's.

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The Way is Shut: Aortic Stenosis

EM Ottawa

Aortic Stenosis is the most common valvular heart disease in Canada. In fact, after hypertension and coronary artery disease, it is the third most common cardiovascular condition. The prevalence of valvular heart disease increases sharply with age. Approximately 1 in 10 of your patients over the age of 75 has aortic stenosis. The most common […] The post The Way is Shut: Aortic Stenosis appeared first on EMOttawa Blog.

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First10EM Journal Club: June 2023

Broome Docs

Hi All, we are back with another instalment of the Journal Club with Justin Morgenstern. Big news this month is that Justin has just been invited to visit my home shop as the honorary WG Smith Fellow and deliver a series of EBM lectures to the local teams in Western Australia. So we are planning to take this show on th eraod and do some live sessions later in 2023.

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Bloodborne Pathogen Exposures Continue in Operating Room Settings

NIOSH Science Blog

Despite legislation and improved technology, data from Massachusetts hospitals show that sharps injuries have increased in the operating room (OR) [1]. These injuries place healthcare workers at risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens (BBPs). There is an urgent need to renew efforts to protect healthcare workers inside the operating room. The Massachusetts data highlight a gap and the need to establish a national surveillance program that would help hospitals develop further measures to prevent

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When Did “Herd Immunity” Become a Taboo Phrase?

Science Based Medicine

Doctors who repeatedly predicted herd immunity in 2020 and 2021, mocking and berating those who disagreed, now treat herd immunity as a taboo phrase. The post When Did “Herd Immunity” Become a Taboo Phrase? first appeared on Science-Based Medicine.

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AMAX4 Algorithm

Life in the Fast Lane

Neil Long and Chris Nickson AMAX4 Algorithm AMAX4 is a best-practice algorithm for critical care clinicians in anaphylaxis and asthma resuscitation.